More Renewable energy and bio-energy
The share of renewable energy in the end consumption will increase to approximately 50 per cent by 2030. In transport, the share of biofuels will be at least 30 per cent. The minimum aim is to have 250 000 electric and 50 000 gas-powered vehicles on the roads. The greatest reductions in emissions outside the Emissions Trading System will be achieved in the transport sector.
Less Coal and Oil
With minor exceptions, Finland will phase out the use of coal for energy. The domestic use of imported oil will be halved by 2030.
Flexible electricity market
The electricity market will be developed at the Nordic and the European level. The flexibility of electricity demand and supply and, in general, i.a. in order to enable increase in intermittent electricity production. System-level energy efficiency will be improved by smart grids etc. Nuclear energy will play an important role in Finland also in the future.
Investments on new technology
Investment subsidies will be focused on innovative, new technology projects, such as advanced biorefineries. Technology neutral tendering processes will be organised in 2018−2020, on the basis of which aid will be granted to cost-effective new electricity production from renewable energy.
The national energy and climate strategy provides also a basis for energy policy preparation at the European level. EU Energy Union governance will require stronger coordination of national energy policies.